Human development is a long and complex process. Although there is a tendency for this process to happen over a certain period of time, we all have our own rhythm of physical and mental maturity, and what we learn throughout life also happens at different rates.
This is taken into account in the field of education, although this does not prevent the fact that as a general rule various school curricula take into account that one must possess certain knowledge, skills, or abilities to be able to exceed them. Is necessary… It is about the concept of expected learningwhich we will discuss in this article.
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Expected learning: what is it and what does it mean?
It is understood by learning all that set of knowledge as expected that a subject in a learning situation (for example, in school) is expected to reach the educational level that is being studied. It is believed that this learning can be expressed in a concrete and operative way, and can be applied and generalized later.
This conclusion implies that the concept of expected learning is very brief, usually referring to a specific activity or knowledge. These are indicators of the achievements that each student is expected to achieve in different aspects during the initial period.
Technically, these expected lessons are used to assess what has been achieved through assessments carried out throughout the school year. It does not refer only to theoretical concepts but can also include attitudes, attitudes, skills, tasks, and other competencies that can be demonstrated through assessment. Basically, if we follow the objectives of a learning plan, we will be looking at as a general rule what is the expected learning that we want to achieve.
Required Learning Do not limit yourself too early childhood education: In any educational or training process, the aim is to achieve certain objectives. For example, in university education, it is also expected to acquire certain materials and skills to ensure future professional performance, or even in informal courses to assess whether procedures have been followed And what has been expected.
need good sequencing
Required learning does not arise out of mere or is conducted in a random manner: it involves a careful assessment of the fundamental aspects that must be achieved and the potential of the subjects following the curriculum and what they have already acquired. Take care of both the learning is done and the ones they plan to get after. This is fundamental if we want these expected learnings to be meaningful (ie, we can attribute a meaning to them), although even expected learning can only be rote.
They have to be logical and organized in this sense to organize the material so that the demand and difficulty towards the student gradually increases. It will go from basic and basic to complex.
In this sense, a large number of guides have been developed regarding the knowledge to be possessed by students of different courses, although we must take into account and adapt each of them to the conditions of the students themselves, the country, and the culture. Educational and socio-economic status of group members.
Three fundamental areas of expected learning
As we have said, expected learning is used as an indicator of students’ achievements and allows you to assess your own learning ability and fulfillment of educational objectives. In other words, they learned what was intended to be learned. And as we have seen, they are not limited to theoretical knowledge: there are various elements that are valuable that are expected to be obtained.
For example, if we group them by formal areas, we can find the part of language and communication, mathematical thinking, nature, the arts, social and physical development. But generally, each subject has its own objectives and expected learning, in general, the areas or fundamental factors that must be considered can be grouped into three different groups.
In this case reference is made to the practical application of knowledge. It implies an understanding of the processes required to reach an end, although sometimes theoretical knowledge is not necessary for what they do. Applied mathematics, music, carpentry or mechanics are some of the knowledge that generally require more learning to be understood.
3. Know how to be
This last factor integrates attitudes, ways of acting, and beliefs and values into daily life, positively connecting and maintaining motivation and direction for a purpose. It is something on which emotional learning can be doneor that it is to be achieved by carrying out various activities. Many of the skills required in university training or in professional fields such as psychology (for example empathy, unconditional acceptance, etc.) will be part of this set of expected learning.
Benefits and Precautions
The extension of a teaching system based on expected learning is very useful for both the students and the teachers. And that is in the first place allows organizing training optimally, structuring what, how, and when to introduce various concepts to learn and facilitate the generation of strategies.
However, it should be noted that while these objectives are generalized to the average age group or school year, individual planning or adaptation for people with functional diversity at the mental, physical or sensory level should also be taken into account and should be detailed. It is by default as it is by default.
In addition, we must bear in mind that the conduct of learning must be clear and relevant, or it will be complex or absurd to include it as expected.